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BBC News on Video with Caption
January 26, 2007
Headline News of January 26, 2007
British Nato forces in Afghanistan
Nato ministers meet to consider stepping up the Afghan campaign ahead of an expected Taleban offensive.
Afghanistan at-a-glance

The first international plan to try to stop the overfishing of tuna has been adopted by regulators meeting in Japan.
The encryption on high definition DVDs has been bypassed by a hacker, a licensing authority confirms.
January 25, 2007
Headline News of January 25, 2007
Street sweepers remove debris from the roads in Beirut
Lebanon appeals for financial aid as it seeks to rebuild after last year's conflict between Israel and Hezbollah guerrillas.

Two men accused of the rape and murder of 19 women and children in a Delhi suburb are beaten up outside court.
The US military unveils a "revolutionary" heat-ray gun to repel enemies or disperse hostile crowds.
January 25, 2007
Headline News on January 25, 2007
A US marine fires a machine gun from a helicopter over Anbar province, Iraq
A US Senate panel rejects President Bush's Iraq plan, a day after he asks Congress to give it "a chance".

Israel's PM calls on President Moshe Katsav to resign over rape allegations but the president says he is innocent.
The US and France pledge $1.4bn in aid and loans ahead of a major summit in Paris to help rebuild Lebanon.
January 23, 2007
Headline News on January 23, 2007
President Bush making speech in front of US flag
The US president will warn that failure in Iraq would be "grievous" in his State of the Union address in a few hours.

Israeli President Moshe Katsav is to be charged with rape and abuse of power, the justice ministry announces.
Lebanese opposition parties say they have called off the strike which paralysed much of the country on Tuesday.
January 22, 2007
Headline News on January 22, 2007
Smoke billows over scene of Baghdad bombing
Seventy-five people are killed and 160 injured in a double bombing at a market in Baghdad, police say.

A major effort to reverse the dramatic decline in global tuna stocks gets under way in Japan.
Serbia's nationalist Radical Party has a clear lead in the country's general election, early results suggest.
January 20, 2007
Headline News on January 20, 2007
Computer-generated image of a weather satellite [photo credit: EUMETSAT® 2007]
Washington asks China to explain its intentions after Beijing reportedly carried out an arms test in space.

N Korea and the US call recent talks positive, as Washington's envoy prepares for more nuclear negotiations.
A Cambodian girl who disappeared aged eight is found after living in the jungle for 19 years, her father says.
January 19, 2007
Headline News of January 19, 2007
Smoke rises over western Baghdad
US and Iraqi troops backed by aircraft clash with Sunni fighters in the centre of the Iraqi capital, Baghdad.

US air strikes in Somalia are aimed at al-Qaeda leaders and based on credible intelligence, the Pentagon says.
Apple unveils its long-awaited iPhone, pledging to revolutionise the mobile phone market.
Click on the arrow in the center to watch the news.

Transcript of BBC News on Video (In the News of January 26, 2007)

Shops have reopened in many parts of the city, but traffic appeared lighter as many people chose to remain home. Schools were closed. Police in the iraqi capital baghdad say that 15 people have been killed in an explosion in a busy market. 35 others were injured, all of them injured, which is famous for its friday sales of pets and other animals. A man arrived with a cart of pigeons for sale, but it exploded after he walked awaY. Two killed and two injured at a suicide bomb at the marriot hotel in islamabad. A security guard and the suicide bomber died in the explosion. Cars and neighbouring buildings were damaged by the blast. The five-star hotel is located in an area close to government building and diplomatic missions. India celebrates its 58th republic day with a show of military might, and there is a guest of honour, russian president vladimir putin. At a parade in delhi, mR. Putin watched from a special enclosure as india put on a grand display. A pride of place was reserved for the country's weapons and tanks, mostly purchased from russia. President putin has secured a deal to supply even more weapons and four nuclear reactors. We've been watching this year's parade.

>> A fly pass by, a display of indian tanks and bearing in mind that india over the next ten years is expected to spend about $10 billion acquiring new military hardwarE. That's something that wouldn't have been lost on the russian president.

>> It's not just a matter of armaments, it is, that vladimir putin is hoping to cooperate with india on.

>> Yes, that's right. The relation between india and russia date back to the cold war era when they had very, very close ties, but much of that relationship was built around their defence relationship, india buying a lot of its military equipment from russiA. Things have changed since then, and india is now looking out for energy, new sources of energy to feed its ever-growing economy. This is where russia has stepped in, signing an agreement yesterday to build four new nuclear reactors in india and possibly more in the future. So it's a new direction in indian-russian relationshiP. India is also hoping to gain access to vast was veries of oil and gas that russia possessions. So energy relationship appears to be the new way forward for india and russia.

>> Millions of people in ukraine could have their gas cut off within days. The state-run gas company says it's owed millions in unpaid bills. It's threatening to take drastic action just as temperatures are set to drop to well below freezing. Sisco has just opened its first supermarket in china.

>> Yes, a very big change as these big stores go in. Test coe, the U.K. Retail giant is trying to get a food hold in what is already the world's largest consumer markeT. Tesco already operates 46 stores they're up against some big players, rivals wal-mart are already well established inchjahe opening. Popular at the moment. I was at the store. There are tesco buses behind mE. There was a trickle of people to begin with at 8:00 when the store opened, but about 9:00 and 10:00 a.M., It was absolutely packed with shopperS. I spoke had come to a if they hadn't seen its name before. They said because it was nearby, it was convenient. One woman told me she trusted these large, international supermarkets because the goods, she says, they sold were clean, not full of pesticides and they were also cheap. There was a long queue of perhaps 20 30r people buying simple things such as eggs because they said they were cheaper here than anywhere elsE. Tesco will be watching what happens here in the store behind me very closely because business experts have been explaining that the future, the long-term future of stores likeen of overseas ventures, particularly stores like this one.

>> James reynolds there. Talks aimed at avoiding a strike by british airways cabin crew continue today. Last-ditch talks between the chief executive and the union will try to resolve the dispute over sickness pay and staffing. B.A. Has already cancelled many of its passenger flights for the next tuesday and wednesday, but these will be reinstated if talks are successful. The delay to the launch of the windows vista operation system has hit the bottom line at microsoft. The american software giant says profits are down by over a quarter. Windows vista and office 2007, the latest edition of microsoft's flagship products hit the consumer market next week, two years behind schedulE. Businesses have happened since november, but consumers missed the crucial shopping season, the christmas season. That's why it's at the bottom line.

>> Thank you. International regulators have agreed on plan that aims to slow the decline of tuna stocks around the world. At the end of the conference in Kobe, delegates representing the five regional bodies which regulate the industry pledged to redouble efforts to ensure the sustainable use of tuna stocks and avoid future overfishing, however, some conservationists are saying this pledge doesn't go far enough. The world wildlife fund has branded the meeting a failure. Katherine short of W.W.F. Now joins us live on the line. They've agreed a plan involving proving data on stocks. They've improved penalties and sanctions to deter illegal fishing and a new inspection programme. What more would you have expected of them?

>> Yes, hello. Well, the plans don't go far enough because actually essentially although you mention some specific points, they've actually only agreed to meet again and discuss those points rather than rein in the problem.

>> Is it a problem between richer and poorer nation, the poorer nations needing to catch whatever species they can come across?

>> The primary issues is the number of vessels on the ocean. That needs to come down, and the divergence of opinion, as you referred to, is actually about who catches the fish, who has a share of the ability to catch the fish. At the moment it is largely the developed nations and the developing nations are demanding a share of the pie and clearly that pie has to be a sustainable pie, a pie that's good enough, that's at the right level for the fish and the ecosystem.

>> The meeting was taking place in Japan. As far as you're concerned, who is the worst culprit?

>> Well, it's the distant water fishing nations, the east Asian group of nations and the European community unfortunately. Japan was very brave in holding this meeting, but essentially all the governments have agreed to do is meet to talk further about what needs to be done rather than doing it.

>> Thank you very much for that.

>> Stay with us here at bbc world because still to come:

>> I'm Jon leyne in Iraq where thousands of Iraqi refugees are fleeing the violence every day. It's the biggest refugee exodus if the world.

>> In 1964, two black teenagers were beaten and drowned in the Mississippi river. Their families never found justice. Now more than 40 years on, one of the original suspects has been charged once again in connection with the case.

>> A national forest where in 1964 two young black men, Charles moore and henry dee, were allegedly beaten before being thrown to their deaths in the mississippi. The crime went unsolved for more than 30 years, but now james seale, a suspected former member of the ku klux klan, has been charged. He apparently picked up the two hitchhikers near an ice cream parlour, and then, say prosecutors, they were killed.

>> Dee and moore were beaten by their captors and transported and finally force wli drowned by being thrown into the old mississippi river, tied heavy objects alleged to have included an engine block, iron weights and railroad ties.

>> James seale, now 71, was arrested in 1964 along with charles edwards, but a local judge threw out the charges. After the case was reopened in 2000, mr. Seale was said to have died, but he was tracked down to a mobile home by a canadian filmmaker and the elder brother of one of the victims, who said on thursday that justice could be done even after 40 years.

>> I went to the cemeterY. I will fight until i die. I will do this. When i got the word yesterday, just so happened david and i were speeding through virginia, and I cried.

>> This is just the latest in a string of recent prosecutions over racially motivated killings in the 1950s and '60S. The vicious attacks of the time once again highlighted by the deaths of two 19-year-oldS. Oliver con-way, bbc news.

>> The maybe stories here at bbc world, a call to armS. The U.S. Wants a greater commitment to afghanistan from its nato allieS. India puts on an impressive show of military might for visiting russian president vladimir putin. To iraq now. Whilst most attention is focused on the continuing violence in the country, another human tragedy is unravelling. It's the mass cross-border exodus of people out of iraq and into its near neighbours. So far an estimated 2 million people have left the country. Well, the bbc's jon leyne is the only television correspondent who is covering this angle of the story. He joins us now from the iraq-syria bordeR. Jon, describe where you are and how many people are attempting to get through at this point.

>> Yes, i'm inside of the iraq-syria bordeR. You can see behind me the picture of president bash shar assad of syria and this is where up to 2,000 iraqis a day are now arriving, making that six to eight-hour trek across some of the most dangerous bit of iraq, across western iraq's anbar province. You can see some of the vehicles queueing to come in today. I'll have the camera operator zoom in there. These are the big g.M.C.S as they call them, the great big american 4x4 eight to ten-seater high-speed vehicles they use the make this dangerous trip, and they're piled high with luggage. Iraqis taking all their belongings with them. Coming for a new life here in syria and maybe trying to move on beyond syria. This is about the time they arrive. They start in the early morning from baghdad. They're coming here to this customs post, and so far syria is allowing pretty much all of them iN. Unlike jordan, where i was earlier this week, where they're slowly closing down that border post. Here in syria they are being welcomed, but they're putting an enormous strain on the country. Just follow me around with the camera if you like, and i can show you what happens in the rest of this border posT. Right here absolutely in the middle of the desert. This is truly the middle of nowhere, but it's a great refuge for the iraqis once they've fled the violence here. On the other side of me just around here is the long, long queue of trucks waiting to get into iraq to supply iraq's every need. That queue stretches down maybe three kilometres down the road behind me, all queueing to get into iraq to supply iraq's every needs. So that's the scene here at the iraq-syria border.

>> Jon, give us an idea if you will briefly, as to the kinds of dangers iraqis fleeing baghdad and other parts of the country have to endure before they get to this point.

>> The big exodus has been because there is what they're calling ethnic or sectarian cleansing, sunni and shiite neighbourhoods are dividing out. Then to drive here they have to get through an area that has a lot of american patrols. People are worried of trigger-happy americans. It's got insurgents in great numbers and it's got a lot of bandits, a lot of people telling very sorry stories when they arrive here.

>> Jon leyne, thank you very much. Jon leyne, our correspondent on the iraq-syrian border. Japan must overhaul its pass vis constitution, beef up its role in international security and free itself from the political remnants of world war iI. That's the view of the country's prime minister, shinzo abe, who puts forward that idea in a speech to parliament on fridaY. Bolstering his security alliance with the united states is one of his administration's key objectives. Singapore has executed two african-american for drug smuggling despite pleas for clemency from the nigerian president, olusegun obasanjo. The two men, a nigerian and another, reported to be stateless, already convicted of trying to smuggle heroin in 2004. The death sentence is mandatory in singapore for anyone caught trafficking more than 15 grams of heroiN. Traffic fumes can seriously harm children's lungs. A study in california has found children who grow up very close to busy roads have much poorer lung function by the time they reach 18 than those who live further away. U.S. Researchers also found that children who are exposed to fumes are more likely to suffer respiratory and heart problems later in life. More scientists in america say they have pinpointed the source of nicotine addiction, a one-inch wide pleasure centre deep within the brain. The discovery concerns the insular, which is a small island in the cerebral corteX. The finding points scientists towards new ways to develop anti-smoking aids and it spowts excitement amongst addiction specialists who expect the insular to play a key role in other addictions, too. Experts have noticed a small number of stroke victims who had been smokers, damage to the insular led to the immediate disappearance of their addiction. Stay with us here at bbc world because still to come we have sports news, including voting has taken place for the top job in european footbalL. Earlier this week a fuse conference was held in delhi the launch four short films designed to help combat the spread of hiv/aids in india. The pictures have been overseen by a top indian director. Mira naire hopes the films will help dispel midst surrounding the virus.

>> The plan is the four short aids-themed films will be shown across india in single-screen cinemas and in urban multiplexes. Money has come from the charitable foundation run by microsoft chairman bill gates and his wife.

>> I had an idea which they instantly loved, and that was to ask for commercial india directors, bombay, madras, different regions, but directors i admire to make 12-minute full on fiction film with big movie stars in their region that we could play each film before a blockbuster release in the theatres so that the masses in india would see and identify with hope my a dramatic story featuring their favourite people, which would wake them up to aids. The series is about a strike at apathy, waking people up, getting rid of the stigmA. I think part of our work is also to live positively with aids because aids is here to stay, and we also have ways to combat it now. We hope to really wake people up. That's the idea to steal out from behind you and suddenly make you understand that this could really be you and me. Aids is the greatest level there is. It goes anywherE.

>> Many will find the effort laudable, they may question just how much difference can four short films make in a country that has the largest number of people living with H.I.V. In the world. Tom brooks, bbc news, new yorK.

>> The 52 members who make up european football's governing body uefa have cast their votes in the election for the next presidenT. The race is between the present incumbent, the 77-year-old swede who is seeking a fifth term in office, and the 52-year-old former european player of the year. The results from that vote, which is taking place in dusseldorf in germany is expected in about 14 minutes' time.

>> I have nothing against him. He's a member of the committee. I think i have more experiencE. I'd like to fulfill this. This is in my manifesto. People know about it. I never went for a campaign because there was no time for it. If people stay with their word, then I'm confident.

>> I am 52. I am vice president. And if i meet with the executive committee, I think it's not so difficult to do this.

>> Looted nazi art is back in the newS. This latest row involves the collection of thousands of pre-war posters held by the german historical museum in berlin. The son of the original jewish owner wants them back despite accepting compensation in the past from the german governmenT.

>> Peter sachs was only one year ole when his family was forced to flee germany and the guess top poe confiscated his father's collection of rare posters. Now he's back in berlin in a bid to form the german historical museum to give them bacK. His father, a wealthy jewish dentist, had built one of the largest collections of pre-war posters. Several thousand are held by the museum, but apart from the odd exhibition are rarely shown.

>> Except for those exhibits, it's just been lying in the basement and it's kept from the world. And I know this is not what he would have wanted, and i would like it to be liberated and shared with the world.

>> As looted nazI art goes, these posters are hardly the top end of the market, but experts believe the entire collection could be worth millionS. Now peter sachs has hired a lawyer specialising in holocaust restitution cases.

>> This is a situation where the museum never purchased the collection. It never acquired iT. There was never any question as to whether it was legally obtained. It was seized by the third reich.

>> The family did receive about $50,000 in compensation from the west jeffman government -- German government in the 1960s, but mr. Sachs claims that at the time he believed the posters had all been destroyed during the war. Now the museum says it's up to the government to decide what happens next.

>> ( Translated ): We try act in the interest of the museum. It is not my collection but the collection of the federal republic of germany, and germany will decide about whether we should return the collection or not. It would be a loss not only for us but for the history of poster art.

>> It's a dispute which now seems likely to be settled by the courts. Michael voss, bbc news.

>> Spain is to overhaul its clothing sizes for women as part of a government drive to ease pressure on young girls over their body size. There are fears that efforts to conform could be leading to eating disorders. The move follows spain's ban on ultra thin models on the catwalk during madrid's fashion week last september and one notice noticeable change will be that shop window mannequins will get larger. Have you got anything to say about that? You can go to the web site, bbcnews.Com. Let us know your thoughts and comments, as indeed on any of the day's fuse stories. There you can get a very updated version of president putin's two-day visit to india. He's there for republic day today. And he's been witnessing this magnificent parade. But bbcnews.Com. That's where you can see and read the very latest of the day's news stories. <

* While this transcript can be a help for listening and quotation, one may need to be aware of that there appear minor spelling mistakes on this transcript occasionally.  For example, some initial letters need to be changed into capitals.


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