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BBC News on Video with Caption
January 23, 2007
Headline News on January 23, 2007
President Bush making speech in front of US flag
The US president will warn that failure in Iraq would be "grievous" in his State of the Union address in a few hours.

Israeli President Moshe Katsav is to be charged with rape and abuse of power, the justice ministry announces.
Lebanese opposition parties say they have called off the strike which paralysed much of the country on Tuesday.
January 22, 2007
Headline News on January 22, 2007
Smoke billows over scene of Baghdad bombing
Seventy-five people are killed and 160 injured in a double bombing at a market in Baghdad, police say.

A major effort to reverse the dramatic decline in global tuna stocks gets under way in Japan.
Serbia's nationalist Radical Party has a clear lead in the country's general election, early results suggest.
January 20, 2007
Headline News on January 20, 2007
Computer-generated image of a weather satellite [photo credit: EUMETSAT® 2007]
Washington asks China to explain its intentions after Beijing reportedly carried out an arms test in space.

N Korea and the US call recent talks positive, as Washington's envoy prepares for more nuclear negotiations.
A Cambodian girl who disappeared aged eight is found after living in the jungle for 19 years, her father says.
January 19, 2007
Headline News of January 19, 2007
Smoke rises over western Baghdad
US and Iraqi troops backed by aircraft clash with Sunni fighters in the centre of the Iraqi capital, Baghdad.

US air strikes in Somalia are aimed at al-Qaeda leaders and based on credible intelligence, the Pentagon says.
Apple unveils its long-awaited iPhone, pledging to revolutionise the mobile phone market.
January 18, 2007
Headline News of January 18, 2007
Senators Biden (left), Hagel and Levin (right) announce their resolution
Three top US senators agree on a resolution to oppose President Bush's plan to increase Iraq troop numbers.

Israeli opposition figures call on the PM to quit after the country's military chief resigns over the Lebanon conflict.
Bolivia's central government refuses to accept a parallel government set up by protesters in Cochabamba.
January 17, 2007
Headline News on January 17, 2007
Scene of blast outside Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad
Two bombs at a Baghdad university kill 70 people, as President Bush defends his decision to send more US troops.

Israel's military chief Dan Halutz resigns amid ongoing inquiries into the conflict with Hezbollah, the army says.
As winter snow becomes less reliable, environmentalists say high-altitude ski slopes will threaten fragile habitat.
January 16, 2007
Headline News on January 16, 2007
Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti (l) and Awad Hamad al-Bandar
Iraqi officials show a video of the hanging of two of Saddam Hussein's aides, during which one was decapitated.

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice arrives in Saudi Arabia to rally support for US plans for Iraq.
A Russian policeman searches a suspected immigrant Targeting migrants
Russian police step up checks to enforce new migrant quotas
January 13, 2007
Headline News on January 13, 2007
Isabel Peron
Spanish police arrest Argentine ex-President Isabel Peron over the disappearance of a leftist activist in 1976.

The US secretary of state backs President Bush's plans for Iraq as she leaves on week-long Middle East visit.
Protestors hold portraits of Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi Double veto for Burma resolution
China and Russia veto a draft UN resolution by the US calling for an end to human rights abuses in Burma.
Click on the arrow in the center to watch the news.

Transcript of BBC News on Video (In the News of January 23, 2007)

>> Thousands of protesters have blocked major routes in and around lebanon and in other centres across the country atikE. It's being called by opposition parties led by the militant group hezbollah who are demanding a new government. Pro and anti-government supporters clashed in the capital beirut and demonstrators burned tyres and set up barricades. The government has warned that troops will be used if necessary to maintain order.

>> Black smoke over beirut. Lebanon at a stand still. In their thousands, opposition supporters are on the streets, blocking the streets, taking part in a general strike to government of fouad siniora. Throughout the country roads are blocked. Schools, shops and businesses are closed. It's an escalation of the protests which began late last year. Mr. Siniora's allies are not impressed.

>> ( Translated ): Since this morning the lebanese people have been exposed to aggression from the opposition led by hezbollah, aggrsport and their right to go to work and especially to beirut airport. Their completing what the israelis did in breaking theeans l its delicate system of sectarian power sharing under strain, but hezbollahious which led the fighag turning on the government in beirut insists it will not resort to violence.

>> ( Translated ): We will not be scared and we will not retreat. Nobody willer the phi us as part of a civil war or a sectarian conflict because we will not be dragged into iT.

S>> Elected authorities.Repare for a major aid conference in lebanon's struggling economy. But for the moment all eyes are on the streets. Chris Morris, bbc news.

>> U.S. Military officials in t deed operation by american and iraqi forces. The militia has been detained for sectarian killings around baghdad. In total 6 u.N. Alleged -- in total 600 alleged members of the meals are being held for some of the people killed in the worst violence in baghdad so far this year. More than 130 people were killed in and around the city on monday. 88 died and 160 were injureduble car bng second-hand clothes market in baghdad. A further 12 died in an attack in the nearby city of baqouba. A huge blast has ripped through al-arabiya in gaza city. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the blast.Wing its troops from somalia nearly a month after its forces dove the union of islamic courts militia out of the somali capital, mogadishu, ending six month let's return to events now in lebanon, many b muir. Jim, bring us up to date. We've seen burningn the

>> Indee yes.He say that lebanon is pretty much paralysed. The situation is the same almost everywhere, but varying degrees of tension. In the shiite dominated areas in the south of the country and the east, they're pretty it's in the mixedre trouble, areas in the north in particular because Christian factions support the there, and there's further north in tripoli reports that one person has been killed in exchanges of gunfire there. And several people have been wounded in clashes of one sort or another, some involving gunshots, but others involving people throwing stones or simply having scuffles of one sort orinated by sunnis who largely support the government, but where shiites and their riroad it hasn't yet flared into an all-out conflict, which everybody, of course, is well aware is a very major danger.

>> And the general strike does seem to have take an firm grip over the country. Economic activity has come to a stand still.

>> Well, yes, indeed, inklug beirut's airport which had to close flights because people can't get to and from the airport. One wonders how the prime minister, fouad siniora, holed up in the government building behind me, how he's supposed to get to paris. They were planning to hold a conference on thursday, hoping to raise billions of dollars in aid for lebanon. The country is pretty much paralysed. People who wanted to go to work, some of them had to turn around because the roads were blocked. It's not thearve wants the strike. It's that a strike has been imposed because movement has been paralysed.

>> Okay. For now, Jim, thank you. Thousands of people are taking part in a funeral procession for the prominent turkish Armenian journalist shot dead last friday. The man's wife addressed the crowd outside the office of his newspaper where he was kid. His coffin is taken to an Armenian church for a service expected to take place within the next hour. Our correspondent sarah rainsford is in Istanbul. She spoke to us as the procession began.

>> It's been 45 minutes now since they started walking past the spot where I am and heading towards the Armenian church where the funeral will be held. Still they're coming, tens of thousands of people all here to show their solidarity and the horror at what happened to this man. Behind me is the office of the turkish-Armenian newspaper. It's the part of istanbul a few metres from that office that he was shot and killed on friday. As this crowd reaches that spot, they applaud and they shout their support for a man who many people here are already beginning to see as a martyr.

>> 12 people have been killed in a gunfight between indonesian police and suspected islamic militants during a raid in sulawesi. Police say 11 of those killed were from a militant group, including two from a wanted list for the 2005 beheadings of two Christian girls. One policeman was killed in the raid. North and South Korea envoys are meeting in the region in an effort to restart six-nation talks on Pyongyang's represents programmes. Meanwhile, china has confirmed it did hold an anti-satellite test last week. Several countries made strong protests in which a missile was used to destroy one of its own weather satellites. United nations bird flu officials in Bangkok are urging asian countries to be on heightened alert of new outbreaks. Since the beginning of the year there have been new bird flu flare-ups in China, Japan, sex, Thailand and Vietnam.

>> A suicide bomber in afghanistan has killed ten people and injured up to 40 others close to a nato base. The governor of the province said those killed were afghan labourers waiting at a checkpoint to get work inside the base. Military officials said no nato personnel were hurt. The crisis in iraq has harm ed the image of the united states around the world. In a new opinion poll conducted for the bbc between november and january by the international polling firm globe scan, sampling views of 26,000 people in 25 countries.

>> Just 29% said the U.S. Is having a mainly positive influence on the world. Over two-thirds believe the U.S. Military presence in the middle east provokes more conflict than it prevents. 17% believe U.S. Troops are a stablizing force. But there was widespread disapproval of washington's handling of the iraq war. The u.S. Prison camp at guantanamo bay, iran's nuclear programme, and global warming. A foreman u.S. Ambassador to nato said the iraq war did indeed start the decline.

>> After 9/11 in 2001, american popularity and support from others was really quite high. Really with the american invasion of iraq, that began turning things in the wrong direction. And even today with a turn on the part of the president, a lot of his administration, reaching out to allies, trying do other things besides iraq, of a positive character, i'm afraid that the united states distressingly is stuck with bad image over what is happening in this particular country.

>> Ambassador robert hunter there. Tanya's here now. The message on wall street is mind the gap.

>> The shares go up when the boss goes. That tells you something. Investors are asking if a best known clothes retailer is going out of fashion. Gap dumped its boss after reports of a dismal shopping season caps three years of falling sales. Shares on wall street rose on the news. Brian Roberts says a turnaround at gap is still possible.

>> Someone who can unlock that potential and perhaps realign it with a much more competitive fashion market. There is a chance the gap could prosper once again.

>> Here's a turnaround that's already happened. Ireland's been one of europe's big success stories over the past decade. A series of development plans has transformed the country from one of the poorest countries in europe into one of the richest. Today the country is launching its fourth such plan. This time around E.U. Funding has moved each and much of the funding will come from private finance. The question is will it receive enough of a boost to keep the momentum going.

>> I think one of the issues in the irish economy after is a 15 years of very, very strong economic growth, clearly a lot of our infrastructure and our public services are under pressure. So the national development plan that's going to be announced today which will cover the period 2007 to 2013, it will be around 180 billion euro, which is at 110% of our gross domestic product. That money will be spent over next seven years, and it will address areas like infrastructure, building roads, putting in public transport systems. It will address areas like education and training to ensure that the quality of the labour force in this country is sufficient to meet the needs of particularly multinational investors who want to invest in the country. There's also going to be an element dealing with the whole peace process with northern ireland. And the last programme, which has just expired, looked at some cross-border initiatives. I would expect today's programme is going to do a lot more in that direction. The other key element I think is going to be in the area of social infrastructure, building social and affordable housing and ensuring that the less advantaged in society get a fair crack at the whip going forward. So we're talking about a lot of money being spent over a seven-year period to ensure that the irish economy is capable of sustaining the sort of economic growth and momentum that has been published over the last decade.

>> Exactly the question investors want answered. Shares in the tv producers in endymol after reports that rupert murdoch is interested in buying the company. There is speculation that telephonica could be ready to sell up to murdoch who controls the media empire news corps. That would be an interesting sale indeeD.

>> Thank you. Coming up on bbc world -- hillary clinton launches a massive campaign to be the next president of the united states, but can she keep up with her competition? More than 20 people have been killed in the west african state of guinea in clashes between the security forces and demonstrators protesting against the rule of the president. Police blocked tens of thousands of people trying to march into the centre of the capital.

>> Confusion, panic and feaR. Life in guinea's capital as a general strike threatens to become something far more serious. Police on the streets, eyewitnesses say, are out of control.

>> ( Translated ): We stopped and looked around. Other people are running when the presidential guard started to shoot at them.

>> Presents tests are taking place -- protests are taking place here and in other towns around the country. The government fears this is not just a dispute about pay and conditions.

>> ( Translated ): We have come to the conclusion that it's no longer just a strike, but it's now about political demands. They want to fight on political ground.

>> And the protesters are hardly denying that facT. The general strike that's nearly two weeks old, a protest against an aging president who took power in a coup more than 20 years ago. The president has health problems and many think his time is up.

>> ( Translated ): Enough is enough. We've been hurt enough times. The people of guinea now want a new government. That's our objective.

>> Union leaders have been arrested as the government tries to bring all this to a halT. The u.N. Secretary diswrerl says he's gravely concerned about what's happening. Math wriew charles, bbc news.

>> The bolivian president, evo morales, has marked his first year in office with a speech promising further redistribution of wealth to try to eliminate poverty in what is south america's poorest country. He pledged to raise taxes on foreign mining firms. The main news here on bbc world: Thousands of lebanese demonstrators have blocked major roads in and around the capital, beirut, at the start of a general strike. Tens of thousands of people in istanbul are taking part in a funeral procession for a prominent turkish-Armenian journalist hrant dink who was shot dead last friday. Thousands of people taking part in the world's social firm currently under way in the kenyan capital nairobi. The forum has been held every year for the past seven and aims to provide clear alternative to the world economic forum. Key themes are justice and equality. In nairobi is the secretary-general of the world alliance for citizen participation. It's a world alliance of 500 N.G.O.S in 100 countries. Thank you for joining us. Your experience derives largely from the anti-apartheid campaign. How has that impacted upon what your aspirations are and indeed your methods?

>> Well, we're an official forum. One of the issues very much on the agenda is how to protect democracy in the wake of the way the war on terrorism is prosecuted. Sadly even countries that claim to promote democracy are actually giveing way to human rights abuse. There's detention without trial and so forth and so on, so democracy is a burning part of the forum. Yesterday there was a lot of focus on human rights violations in zimbabwe and the absence of democracy. But this year is a place for people from abroad spectrum of different areas of concern, gender inequality, poverty, environmental justice, to form a defined voice and make connections and alliances across the national boundary.

>> In your view, how significant is it that the forum is being held for the first time in africa?

>> Well, africa sadly has been portrayed as a very poor continent. Sadly africa in reality is one of the richest continents underneath the ground, but because of exploy exploitation and ongoing exploitation we have this continent one of the poorest above the ground. So africa is going to connect with its allies not only in latin america, asia and other parts of the globe, but it's making alliances and building partnerships to continue the struggles that we need to even with our brothers and sisters in developed countries around the world. Democracies...

>> Thank you very much for joining us live there from the world social forum taking place in the kenyan capital, nairobi. Hillary clinton has hit the ground running in her campaign to be next president of the united states. In her first event she held a live web chat online as part of what she called a conversation of america. The former first lady is also facing stiff competition.

>> Hi, david, how are you?

>> Hillary Clinton, the former first lady and democratic senator for new york. Could she now become the first woman president of the united states? This weekend she used a the new weapon of choice for politicians, the internet, to announce her presidential campaign. Now she's started it with half-hour live web chat underlining her different approach to the world.

>> We have so squandered that goodwill, and we've got rebuild it. That means starting at the top with a president who will send a message to the rest of the world that we want to work together.

>> Also tonight she's the front-runner for the democratic presidential nomination.

>> Hillary's been blitzing the tv studios,, too. While she's popular with democrats, she's still yet to convince some americas who question her warmth and likeable.

>> Even those who approve of you as a candidate have questions about your electability. What would you say to them?

>> I would say, give me a chance. As a friend of mine said the other day, I'm the most famous woman that nobody really knows because i've been caricatureised to some extent. I want to let people make their own decisions.

>> Hillary's biggest challenge may be the charismatic senator barack obama from illinois, a fellow democrat whose easy charm has proved a potent draw. Her biggest advantage may be moneY. She's expected to raise $100 million this year in what is set to be the most expensive presidential campaign ever.

>> We're going to see an unlimited spending arms racE. We're going to see the two presidential nominees spend a total of $1 billion in private funds in this election.

>> The race has now really started, but can Hillary win? She certainly has the money and the machine, but does she have the magic to win over not just the minds but the hearts of the american people? James westhead, bbc news in washington.

>> Stay with us here at bbc world because coming up, escape from the jaws of death, how an australian diver outwitted a shark. A british expatriate living in china is campaigning to save the great wall from the ravages of time. William lindsay has been documented the damage caused by tourism and erosion in a series of dramatic photographs.

>> It's china's most famous landmark. Stretching for thousands of kilometres across the north of the country. But years of erosion and tourism have taken their. To many parts of the great wall are slowly falling down. Now one british man is determined to stop all that. William lindsay has made protecting the wall his life's work.

>> I saw an old photograph of the wall taken in 1907. And i've taken the same picture in 1987. It was the same location, but there was a big tower in the middle of the photograph which disappeared. It's gone. It made me think how the great wall was slowly changing before our very eyes. This is a good summary it reminds people that even the great wall of china, one of the world's greatest buildings, will not just stay there. It has to be protected in a positive way.

>> His latest exhibition shows the extent of the damage to the great wall over the years. In recent months the government has announced new rules to protect it, including banning parties and all-night raves, which have become common along parts near beijing.

>> ( Translated ): The great wall reflects and records china's history. So if we protect it and do thorough research on it, people can understand china's past. If we understand the past, then we will have a better understanding of the chinese people.

>> But the reality is there's not much in the way of funding to protect the great wall. The government is reluctant to limit the lucrative tourist trade, despite the damage it causes. In china's new capitalist economy, it's money that matters, not history. Daniel griffiths, bbc news, beijing.

>> An australian diver has miraculously fought free from the jaws of a three-meter long shark which had seized him by the heaD. In a remarkable escape, the man was hauled back on to his boat by his son. Nick bryant reports.

>> Lucky to be alive after escaping the jaws of death in the most literal sense of all. Professional diver eric marris, the victim of a ferocious attack from a white pointer shark. He'd been driving off the shores of new south wales when the three-meter long shark attacked. The predator grabbed 41-year-old diver by the head, crushing his face mask and breaking his nose. Then it returned for a second bite, clenching its jaws along the diver's torso. But he fought back and was flown to hospital where he's being treated for shock and blood loss. His condition serious but stable.

>> It appears the shark has taken the diver completely into his mount -- mouth and obviously bitten him. The diver had the presence of mind to poke it in the eyes, and he was eventually spat out.

>> This is what remains of marris' driving equipment, shredded by the shark's razor teeth. And this is the blood-soaked boat that helped in his rescue.

>> He came up to the surface and he was going, "help, help, there's a shark. There's a shark." There was a big pool of red blood. I pulled him out of water. He's going, "get me to shore, get me to shore."

>> Shark attacks are not uncommon in australian waters. They happen about 15 times a year, one of the highest in the world. But this kind of escape is a genuine raimplt locals are calling it a miracle. Nick Bryant, bbc news, Sydney.

>> Let's go back to istanbul now where we can look at the latest pictures on that funeral procession. Tens of thousands of people are in that procession, which is going from one part of istanbul just outside the offices of the newspaper where hrant dink was shot to the Armenian church where his funeral mass is about to begin. So bbcnews.Com. You can keep up to date. <

* While this transcript can be a help for listening and quotation, one may need to be aware of that there appear minor spelling mistakes on this transcript occasionally.  For example, some initial letters need to be changed into capitals.


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