Transcript of BBC
News VOD on December 27, 2006
>> In terms of positive, what can it do and the islamists seemed
determine not to hand over any kind of power. And the islamists have
withdrawn but they're promising a long and protracted war so
anything the united nations at this point may not have much effect
given how much the feeling within the two sides are so far apart.
>> And in terms of the humanitarian problems, if anything, the
U.N. Can do, again effectively effectively.
>> Many of the refugees are pouring over the borders to
neighbouring countries so the united nationses could well dispatch
peacekeeping troops and put money and medical supplies into those
areas. Some of the reports a 35,000 people have left somali somalia
so this is a humanitarian crisis it could be something they have to
act on quickly.
>> Hundreds people have died following an oil pipeline explosion
in nigeria. The blast shook the city in the early hours of the
morning. The red cross said 269 people are confirmed dead.
>> The sea of blazing oil, burned out vehicles and hous
explosion. Underneath the wreckage are the bodies of hundreds of
people. They were taught in a massive blast officials had to cut off
the oil at source. Oil poip lines in nigeria run overground, a
temptation to people who find it difficult to afford the high cost
of fuel. This is not the first time. More than 150 people died in
may and more than a thousand eight years ago when hundreds of people
rushed to siphon off fuel from another punctured pipe. No matter how
high the price, many are prepared to take the risk.
>> Pakistan said it's building a huge fence and plans to lay mine
fields along sections of the border with afghanistan halt cross
border militaryed militancy. In september pakistan said it was
ending major military operations along the border following a peace
agreement with local tribesmen. Japanese and chinese experts have
begun two days of talks in beijing in an attempt to resolve
arguments over their shared pasts. Trying to reconcile differences
in their history. Thousands of people have attended the funeral of
long time leader of burma's longest rebel group. He was buried with
full military honours. He essentially became the face of the
national union fighting for the autonomy of the people. Still ahead
on the programme, two years today after the indian ocean seam and
there is a similar disaster.
>>> Presidential elections will take place in turkmenistan in
february. We get this report.
>> Reporter: An emergency gathering like no other. They came
together to find a replacement for their absolute ruler. He likes to
call himself the father of all turkmen, and in 1999, he was elected
the president for life. To his five million countrymen, his fatal
heart failure came as a shock. The nation is still in official
mourning but preparations for the future have begun. The fresh
election date has been set. People's assembly have nominated six
candidates. The this is unquestionably their favourite. A
dentist by profession, he is already the acting president. He became
health minister in 1997 and he he is a rare survivor of many cabinet
shuffles and purges. His nomination comes in violation of the
constitution which bans the active president from running you the
but they are flexible and the assembly has the power to amend the
constitution. He promised to follow in the footsteps of the late
leader. This is easier said than done. For more than 20 years, his
personality cult was all that kept this country together. .
>> This is bbc's headlines. Saddam hussein will be sentenced to
death within 30 days at least 269 people are confirmed dead after an
oil pipeline explosion. The, and remembering the victims of the
devastating tsunami in 2004. In thailand, the princess joined the
memorial. She had a son who died: In aceh, there has been complaints
about the pace of reconstruction. Andrew harding was there. The
tsunami triggered a revolution if you like, ending abruptly three
decades of civil war. We have just seen democratic elections here
which appear to have been won by a former rebel. I of speaking to
the man and asked him if his election signals the end to the final
>> Yes. It is over for good. Even before i step into the power.
And by voting for you, what are the people saying?
>> They want change. .
>> The other candidates offer the same thing, but what people
want, they want more. The commitment to fulfill. .
>> Is this a vote against corruption or a vote for independence,
perhaps in the future for Aceh? .
>> A vote against corruption and for continuing of peaceful.
Right now we have millions, billions of dollars poured in here. Has
that money been well spent and spent fast enough? .
>> I don't know if the money is properly spent or timely because
you see all the many will people still living in the barracks and
not in the house. And those living in the house. So it is a big
problem in the immediate future.
>> And whose fault is that? The reconstruction hasn't gone well.
This is a huge reconstruction effort. How are you going to make it
go better and faster?
>> People are still working in some kind of pace, but this pace
needs to be speeded up but I'm afraid its being the victims of the
tsunami receiving aid and also being fed by other people, by the ngo.
>> People are going to be dependent?
>> I think free fish. It's difficult.
>> Fears of another tsunami in Asia after a big earthquake under
the sea between Taiwan and the Philippines. It emerged.2 on the
richter scale. One person was reported killed and dozens injured but
seismologists say the threat has passed
>> Reporter: These were powerful quakes that interrupt the entire
island but it was closest to the epicenter of the quake that was the
hardest hit and bore the brunt of the damage. Trains were cranes
were needed to help clear away heavy debris and many were taken to
the hospital. A number of fires had broken out triggered by falling
power cables. Phone lines went down and there were electricity
blackouts. One of the island's worst quakes took place seven years
two years ago resulting in so many deaths
>> A nepal ooedz-- a nepalese boy thought to be the rekarnation
of buddha has been found. He was found near a holy site. .
>> He is 16 years old. In a few years, he has become something of
an icon for hundreds of thousands of Buddhist followers. These
pictures show him in the village where he began meditating last year
and continued for ten months. He didn't eat. He didn't drink. At
least that's the story. We can't verify it. But he attracted so much
attention attention, too many noisy crowds, he said, that he slipped
off to the jungle. Said it was part of a six year service of
>> (Voice of translator): It is fortunate you met me now. I have
been here for three days. Somebody spotted me. I was deep in
meditation and didhere were peopleund.
>> Reporter: Many think he is the latest
lived over he is not but he continues to attract great interest.
The authorities in nepal are keen to find out more about him and
find out if his miraculous fasting true. But they have been diligent
in helping the boy maintain his personal space. Some people people
have not been able to get close enough to find on it more. .
>> And still to come on the programme, the perfect tent. We
explore the obsession. Global global warming is affecting the world.
And the reindeer have nothing to graze on now. This report.
>> This is the peninsula, a vast Siberia, covered by a thin crust
of brilliant white thinually withhey move their animals from the
central region of the peninsula to the slaughter houses in the
south. The journey is long, bitterly cold and tough. This year they
had to deal with another problem: Climate change.
>> Last month on their way to the slaughterhouse, there was a
sudden warming wind which resulted in 24 hours rainfall and then a
sudden freezing event where the temperature dropped down to-20 and
didn't warm up again. That led to an icing over of pastures which,
as a result, became almost in accessible for the reindeer to get
>> The tundra is covered by sod and grass, the basic diet of
reindeer. When the temperature plummeted so quickly, their food
became covered by a thick layer of ice making some of the animals to
get weak and not be able to make the trek. Environmentalists worry
the nomadic life of these people already altered by the problems
they now face during migration; adapting to the changing climate
will be key to the survival of these people.
>> The best selling novel, "perfume" now brought to the big
screen tells the story of a man so obsessed with creating the scent
that he turns to murder. Real life fragrance creators would turn up
their noses at the thought. Caroline wyatt has been sniffing out the
secrets behind some of france's great scents.
>> In the film, he is born with an acute sense of smell. Amid the
stem cell research of 18th century paris, he becomes a monster to
capture the perfect scent. Paris is still the home of the perfect
scent but perfume itself dates back further to 4,000 bc.
>> The first perfumes were made by a priest in the temple because
the perfume was burned in the temple to be a gift to the gods. .
>> In a tiny laboratory in Paris, they're busy dreaming up new
scents for the perfume house. Their master, the alchemy who turns
raw chemicals into gold captures the hearts of women across the
>> And when it's a good one for you, you know, it's like that.
You can't live without it.
>> Isabelle is helping train the al chemists of the future. One
of the top perfume schools. She is a nose, who has memorized and
distinguishes between thousands of different smells. Each student is
asked to cop jury up memories for the smells of each to help
>> When you want to make a perfume, you open a little drawer in
your head in which it is written seaside and you take the
ingredients you think would fit in the smell. If you want it with
flowers, you open the drawer of flower. .
>> There are hundreds of new scents on the market every year but
most go on to lose money and just a handful become timeless classics
because making perfume, the smell is one of of our most powerful
senses and the least understood. We can recognize up to 10,000
different smells. Scientists are not sure why molecules that look
alike can smell so different and delight some and repulse others.
And we even choose our partners subconsciously by smells. So select
your scent with care.
>> And you can sniff out more stories at our web site
bbcnews.Com. You can see more about saddam hussein's death sentence.
The appeal has been rejected.
* While this transcript
can be a help for listening and quotation, one may need to
be aware of that there appear minor spelling mistakes on this
transcript occasionally. For example, some initial letters
need to be changed into capitals.